Calculator to predict 10-year risk of diabetes complications

Team of researchers at the Cleveland Clinic have developed an innovative risk calculator for people facing type 2 diabetes and obesity. According to experts such people often encounter the dilemma of whether to undergo a weight-loss surgery or to opt for a regular medical care.

The latest research of a new risk calculator will help patients by showing them possible major health complications which could occur over the next ten years based on the treatment they choose.

According to the recent study, weight-loss surgery or bariatric surgery can be beneficial to control diabetes and also helps in improving cardiovascular health. A 2016 consensus report of a leading diabetes organization suggested that metabolic surgery could be a treatment option for people with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Only a few patients were however eligible for surgery.

The new tool will help patients, in addition to physicians, to make a choice between surgical treatment and usual care.  It will further also help in recognizing health benefits of the two choices.

“It (the calculator) shows a patient’s risk of heart disease, stroke, heart failure, diabetic kidney disease, and death over the next 10 years with usual care. It also shows how a patient’s risk of those adverse events could change after metabolic surgery,” spoke Dr. Aminian, the lead author of the study.

Sources allege, the calculator was developed in two phases over a period of two years. The 10-year individualized Diabetes Complications Risk Scores took help of an observational study in the first phase. The study comprised of 2,300 patients who had underwent a metabolic surgery and 11,500 matched patients were of equal characteristics who had received regular medical care.

Results of Phase 1 also concluded that weight-loss surgery among type 2 diabetes patients and obesity were related to 40 percent lower risk of death and negative effects of cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, patients who lost more weight showed better control over diabetes and used fewer medications.