In the Mariana Trench a group of oil eating bacteria has been discovered. These denizens degrade hydrocarbons which are present in crude oil and natural gas. Marianas Trench is located in the Pacific Ocean and has world’s deepest and largest trench. The waterway is in shape of a crescent and is located in the Earth’s crust. Its trough is about 2,550 km long and 69 km wide.
These newly discovered spices are present in abundance in the Challenger Deep, which is also the deepest part of the Trench. Challenger Deep is a haven for rich and mysterious organisms and microbes. Apart from that, it accumulates thousands of man-made microplastic pollutants.
Allegedly, these oil-eating microbes played a crucial role during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster. The coast of Louisiana poured around 200 million gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. It is to be believed that the hydrocarbon-eating bacteria helped to degrade the oil refuse from the Gulf. Although further study will elaborate more on the subject, it suggests that these organisms from the deepest bowels of the ocean could consume oil found also on the ocean’s surface. The scientists believe these microbes can help to clean up major man made oil spills in the future.